Eighth Café of Europe in Bath

The 5th March 2015 at Komedia, Bath: Bath Spa – a Utopia of the Past, Present and Future?

Join a debate about the role of Bath and European Spa Towns in creating ideal towns and cities of the future.


Since time immemorial writers have attempted to describe visionary perfection; a place enjoying a perfect social, legal and political system housed in the Ideal City. In creating such visions of the ideal - an image of heaven on earth - writers, politicians, philanthropists, socialists, artists and architects have tried to put vision into reality.  Did any get close to creating a workable vision of Utopia? Did any get close to building it?

Spa towns are a unique form of settlement and do not conform to the usual settlement types established for the purposes of protection,omega replica watches uk worship, kingship, politics, industry, trade or expansion.  They were cities of leisure and health, where boundaries of class and gender were blurred, and where artistic and cultural activity came to the fore.   These places of healing were the first tourist destinations, attracting people to stay for lengthy periods of time, inventing themselves as islands of leisure and pleasure, where life was somehow different.  Spa in Belgium was nicknamed the “Café of Europe” because, as in a café, all manner of people gathered together, while taking the cure, to discuss the arts, politics, philosophy, music, and of course to gossip! The Café of Europe debate takes its inspiration from the rich and varied heritage of Europe’s historic spa towns.

The City of Bath is the only European spa town currently listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, having been inscribed in 1987. The inscription is based on the natural thermal springs, the Roman archaeology and the 18th Century urban plan and architecture.   In creating his vision of the Ideal City, John Wood the Elder, creator of Georgian Bath, saw Bath as an imaginary place, a garden city of great vistas and grand public spaces merging with the surrounding landscape and… “A Region that sets Paradise itself before one’s Eyes…the very Elysium Fields of the Antients.”

The Bath Café will debate a range of inter-related topics with interludes and presentations to stimulate discourse concerning the future of Bath and other famous European spa towns. Do these places have the potential as model cities for urban living in the future with the health and well-being of its inhabitants and visitors underpinning all policy decisions? 

The Bath Café of Europe will be built around a series of short presentations on one of the many themes linking the unique qualities of our famous spa towns. These presentations will be by writers and specialists in their fields and be short and to the point.

After each presentation a panel of local experts; the people responsible for managing and protecting the various aspects of Bath’s fabric, its offer and its image will respond to the themes and relate them to their current roles when considering the future issues facing Bath and North East Somerset as a place to live, work and visit. 

The Mayor of Bath, Councillor Cherry Beath whose portfolio includes Spa Ancient and Modern, the Cultural sector and Health & Wellbeing, will host the Café.

Paul Simons, World Heritage consultant and the B&NES representative to EHTTA, will Chair the event and introduce the speakers:

John Carey, writer and editor of “The Faber Book of Utopias” will guide us through Utopian thought and writings of the past.  

Ian Bradley, lecturer with a lifelong fascination with spas and music and author of “Water Music – music making in the spas of Europe and North America”.

Amy Frost, architectural historian, curator and writer on the works of architect John Wood the Elder whose mystical inspiration created much of Georgian Bath.

Christopher Woodward, art historian, Museum Director and writer who includes in his passions swimming and Bath.

Susan Sloman, an independent scholar and author of “Gainsborough in Bath”. 

Gillian Clarke, town planner, writer, and garden specialist with a particular interest in Prior Park garden, Bath.

Christopher Pound, architect, town planner, writer and World Heritage expert, author of “A Verye excellent treasure – values of the Bath spa resort”.  

There will be plenty of opportunity for participation, questions and debate and interventions of both the serious and not-so-serious kind.  

Also, there will be a performance from the Chancery of Lost and Found (10-11am, 5th March,  Komedia, Bath)
A small group of young people from Bath will present a fictional version of the city with Alice Maddicott, who is curating “The Chancery of Lost and Found” in Milsom Place as part of the Bath Literature Festival. There will also be a discussion, led by Alice, with the young people around the theme of the “ideal city”.


The Bath Literature Festival welcome famous writers and creative minds to Bath to celebrate literature. In its seventeen year history, the Literature Festival has hosted Nobel and Booker Prize winners. 

Inhabitants of the city of Bath are really attached to this festival, which events take place in historic buildings throughout the town. The Festival will take place from 28 February to 9 March.

Website: www.bathfestivals.org.uk

Tools and medias

This meeting has been filmed, broadcasted and recorded.

Photographic reportage

Photographic reportage made by Loiez Déniel. 


Loiez Déniel lives and works in Auvergne (and sometimes Istanbul). Video maker photographer artist, independent researcher in multimedia integration solutions and operational poetry, he is also president of the International Video Art Festival VIDEOFORMES.

Website: www.loiez.org

Pictures credits: EHTTA/Loïez Déniel